1 a constellation in the northern hemisphere near Pegasus and Aquila
2 type genus of the Delphinidae [syn: genus Delphinus]
- : A zoological name at the rank of genus in the family Delphinidae. The common dolphin belongs to the genus Delphinus.
EtymologyFrom delphīnus, from δελφίν (delphin), a later form of the previous δελφίς (delphis) "a dolphin".
Delphinus (, lang-la dolphin), is a rather small (ranked 69th) northern constellation very close to the celestial equator. It was already included in Ptolemy's list of 48 constellations and also forms part of the modern list of 88 constellations approved by the IAU.
It looks remarkably like a leaping dolphin and thus can easily be recognized in the sky. Delphinus is surrounded (clockwise from north) by the little fox Vulpecula, the flying arrow Sagitta, the eagle Aquila, the water carrier Aquarius, the little horse Equuleus and finally the flying horse Pegasus.
Here are some of its stars:
- α Del (Sualocin): B9 IV, 3.77m (multiple star system with 6 components)
- β Del (Rotanev): F5 IV, 4m - 4.9 m
Del: one of the finest double stars in the sky.
- γ1 Del: F7 V, 5.14m
- γ² Del: K1 IV, 4.27m
- δ Del: A7 IIIp, 4.43m
- The above mentioned stars form an asterism called Job's Coffin.
- ε Del (Deneb Dulfim, or the tail of the Dolphin) is a star of spectral class B6 III with a magnitude of 4
- R Del: Mira-type variable star with a period of 285.5 days; magnitude range between 7.6 and 13.8
- ρ Aquilae moved across the border into Delphinus in 1992
Notable deep sky objects
The names of the two brightest stars of this constellation, Sualocin (Alpha Delphini) and Rotanev (Beta Delphini), are not, as one might expect, names dating from Antiquity, but instead are quite new. They first appeared in a star catalogue of 1814 that was published at the Palermo Observatory in Italy. When read backwards they form the name Nicolaus Venator which is the Latinized version of the name of the assistant director of that observatory at that time: Niccolò Cacciatore (both Cacciatore and Venator mean hunter).
There are two major stories from Greek mythology behind this constellation.
According to the first one, Greek god Poseidon wanted to marry Amphitrite, a nereid. She, however, wanting to protect her virginity, fled to the Atlas mountains. Her suitor then sent out several searchers, among them a certain Delphinus. Delphinus accidentally stumbled upon her and was able to persuade Amphitrite to accept Poseidon's wooing. Out of gratitude the god placed the image of a dolphin among the stars.
The second story tells of the Greek poet Arion of Lesbos (7th century BC), a court musician at the palace of Periander, ruler of Corinth. Arion had amassed a fortune during his travels to Sicily and Italy. On his way home from Tarentum his wealth caused the crew of his ship to conspire against him. Threatened with death, Arion asked to be granted a last wish which the crew granted: he wanted to sing a dirge. This he did and while doing so flung himself into the Sea from where he was rescued by a dolphin which had been charmed by Arion's music. The dolphin carried Arion to the coast of Greece and left.
- Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide, Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.
Delphinus in Bengali: শ্রবিষ্ঠা মণ্ডল
Delphinus in Belarusian: Сузор'е Дэльфін
Delphinus in Bulgarian: Делфин (съзвездие)
Delphinus in Catalan: Dofí (constel·lació)
Delphinus in Czech: Souhvězdí Delfína
Delphinus in Corsican: Delphinus (Custellazione)
Delphinus in Danish: Delfinen
Delphinus in German: Delfin (Sternbild)
Delphinus in Modern Greek (1453-): Δελφίν (αστερισμός)
Delphinus in Spanish: Delphinus (constelación)
Delphinus in Esperanto: Delfeno (konstelacio)
Delphinus in French: Dauphin (constellation)
Delphinus in Irish: An Deilf
Delphinus in Korean: 돌고래자리
Delphinus in Croatian: Dupin (zviježđe)
Delphinus in Italian: Delfino (costellazione)
Delphinus in Hebrew: דולפין (קבוצת כוכבים)
Delphinus in Georgian: დელფინი (თანავარსკვლავედი)
Delphinus in Latin: Delphinus (sidus)
Delphinus in Latvian: Delfīns (zvaigznājs)
Delphinus in Luxembourgish: Delphinus (Stärebild)
Delphinus in Lithuanian: Delfinas (astronomija)
Delphinus in Hungarian: Delfin csillagkép
Delphinus in Dutch: Dolfijn (sterrenbeeld)
Delphinus in Japanese: いるか座
Delphinus in Norwegian Nynorsk: Delfinen
Delphinus in Polish: Delfin (gwiazdozbiór)
Delphinus in Portuguese: Delphinus
Delphinus in Romanian: Delfinul (constelaţie)
Delphinus in Russian: Дельфин (созвездие)
Delphinus in Slovak: Súhvezdie Delfín
Delphinus in Slovenian: Delfin (ozvezdje)
Delphinus in Finnish: Delfiini (tähdistö)
Delphinus in Swedish: Delfinen
Delphinus in Thai: กลุ่มดาวโลมา
Delphinus in Vietnamese: Hải Đồn
Delphinus in Turkish: Delphinus (takımyıldız)
Delphinus in Ukrainian: Дельфін (сузір'я)
Delphinus in Chinese: 海豚座